Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/1887
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Preliminary study to investigate the normal range of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index in young adults
Authors: Male, Stuart
Coull, Alison F
Murphy-Black, Tricia
Contact Email: a.f.coull@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: ABPI
Ankle Brachial Pressure Index
Doppler
leg ulcer
ultrasound
vascular assessment
Issue Date: Oct-2007
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Male S, Coull AF & Murphy-Black T (2007) Preliminary study to investigate the normal range of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index in young adults, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16 (10), pp. 1878-1885.
Abstract: Aim. The aim of this study was to find the normal range of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) for healthy adults in the 20–40-year age group. The hypothesis was: there is no difference between the accepted normal value of ABPI (1•00) and the observed value of ABPI in healthy adults in the 20–40-year age group. Background. Doppler ultrasound and ABPI calculations are used in the assessment of lower limb vascularity. Ankle Brachial Pressure Index is used as an indicator for the choice of nursing options for the treatment of chronic leg ulcers. Little research has been done to establish what the normal range of ABPI is in young healthy adults. This information has practical significance to the treatment of young adults who are prone to present with leg ulcers such as i.v. drug users. Method. An observational survey was conducted with 24 healthy adults in the 20–40-year age range (who did not have a history of i.v. drug use). Results. The study found that the ABPI ranged from 1•05 to 1•25 (mean = 1•14; SD 0•06). In addition, the study also found that there was a negative correlation between ABPI and observed brachial systolic pressure. Conclusion. A 'normal' ABPI should not be considered a fixed figure (1•00) and that ABPI may be dependant on an individual's blood pressure and possibly other factors. Relevance to clinical practice. Ankle Brachial Pressure Index is a routine procedure undertaken when assessing the vascular supply to the lower legs. The results summarized in this paper will be useful to clinicians attempting to interpret ABPI results in young people.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/1887
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.01796.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Flinders Medical Centre
HS Research - Stirling
University of Stirling

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