Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Farm animal welfare: assessing risks attributable to the prenatal environment
Authors: Rutherford, Kenneth M D
Donald, Ramona D
Arnott, Gareth
Rooke, John A
Dixon, Laura
Mehers, Jessica
Turnbull, James
Lawrence, Alistair B
Contact Email:
Keywords: animal welfare
early life
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Publisher: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare
Citation: Rutherford KMD, Donald RD, Arnott G, Rooke JA, Dixon L, Mehers J, Turnbull J & Lawrence AB (2012) Farm animal welfare: assessing risks attributable to the prenatal environment, Animal Welfare, 21 (3), pp. 419-429.
Abstract: An ever-expanding scientific literature highlights the impact of the prenatal environment on many areas of biology. Across all major farmed species, experimental studies have clearly shown that prenatal experiences can have a substantial impact on outcomes relevant to later health, welfare and productivity. In particular, stress or sub-optimal nutrition experienced by the mother during pregnancy has been shown to have wide-ranging and important effects on how her offspring cope with their social, physical and infectious environment. Variation in the conditions for development provided by the reproductive tract or egg, for instance by altered nutritional supply or hormonal exposure, may therefore explain a large degree of variation in many welfare- and productivity-relevant traits. The scientific literature suggests a number of management practices for pre-birth/hatch individuals that could compromise their later welfare. Such studies may have relevance for the welfare of animals under human care, depending on the extent to which real life conditions involve exposure to these practices. Overall, the findings highlight the importance of extending the focus on animal welfare to include the prenatal period, an aspect which until recently has been largely neglected.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: The Scottish Agricultural College
The Scottish Agricultural College
The Scottish Agricultural College
The Scottish Agricultural College
The Scottish Agricultural College
The Scottish Agricultural College

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Animal Welfare 2012.pdf54.87 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.