Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/15902
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How Do We Combine the Insights of Multiple Theories in Public Policy Studies?
Authors: Cairney, Paul
Contact Email: p.a.cairney@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: punctuated equilibrium theory
Advocacy Coalition Framework
rational choice
evolutionary theory
complexity theory
Issue Date: Feb-2013
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell for Policy Studies Organization
Citation: Cairney P (2013) Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How Do We Combine the Insights of Multiple Theories in Public Policy Studies? , Policy Studies Journal, 41 (1), pp. 1-21.
Abstract: The combination of multiple theories in policy studies has a great potential value-new combinations of theories or concepts may produce new perspectives and new research agendas. However, it also raises important ontological, epistemological, methodological, and practical issues that need to be addressed to ensure disciplinary advance. This article identifies three main approaches: synthesis, in which we produce one theory based on the insights of multiple theories; complementary, in which we use different theories to produce a range of insights or explanations; and contradictory, in which we compare the insights of theories before choosing one over the other. It examines the issues that arise when we adopt each approach. First, it considers our ability to "synthesize" theories when they arise from different intellectual traditions and attach different meanings to key terms. Second, it considers the practical limits to using multiple theories and pursuing different research agendas when academic resources are limited. Third, it considers the idea of a "shoot-out" in which one theory is chosen over another because it appears to produce the best results or most scientific approach. It examines the problems we face when producing scientific criteria and highlights the extent to which our choice of theory is influenced by our empirical narrative. The article argues that the insistence on a rigid universal scientific standard may harm rather than help scientific collaboration and progress.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/15902
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psj.12000
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Politics

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