Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12944
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Genetic influence on East African running success
Authors: Scott, Robert A
Moran, Colin Neil
Wilson, Richard H
Goodwin, William H
Pitsiladis, Yannis P
Contact Email: colin.moran@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Kenya
Ethiopia
athletics
genetics
mitochondrial DNA
Y chromosome
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Scott RA, Moran CN, Wilson RH, Goodwin WH & Pitsiladis YP (2004) Genetic influence on East African running success, Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology, 1 (4), pp. 273-280.
Abstract: East African athletes now dominate international distance running events from the 800 m to the marathon. Explanations for their phenomenal success have included optimal environmental conditions for developing distance running performance, psychological advantage and advantageous physiological characteristics. It is well established that genetics plays a role in determining inter-individual differences in exercise performance and adaptation to training stimuli. It is not known, however, to what extent inter-population differences (i.e. between ‘races’ and/or ethnic groups) in exercise performance can be attributed to genetics. There have been considerations that ‘black’ athletes are genetically adapted towards performance, given the concurrent success of athletes of West African ancestry in sprint events. However, the current notion of ‘race’ is not universally accepted, and genetic differences within and between populations are not clearly delineated by geographical or ethnic categorizations. Recent findings from mitochondrial DNA show that the populations from which Ethiopian athletes are drawn have not been isolated populations and are not genetically distinct from other Ethiopians. Y-chromosome analysis of the same population shows concurrent results, although some differences are present between athletes and the general Ethiopian population, suggesting an influence of the Y chromosome on athlete status in Ethiopia. It is concluded that there may be a role for genetics in the success of East African athletes; however, any genetic component to their success is unlikely to be limited to East Africans and is more likely to be found in other populations. At present it is unjustified to implicate a role for genetics in the success of East African runners when no genes have been identified as being important to their performance.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12944
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/ECP200434
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology / Volume 1 / Issue 04 / November 2004, pp 273-280 Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2004 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/ECP200434
Affiliation: University of Glasgow
Sport
University of Glasgow
University of Central Lancashire
University of Glasgow

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Scott ECEP 04 Genetic influence on East African running success.pdf159.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.