Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A Social-Cognitive Model of Trait and State Levels of Gratitude
Authors: Wood, Alex M
Maltby, John
Stewart, Neil
Linley, P Alex
Joseph, Stephen
Contact Email:
Keywords: gratitude
positive psychology
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Wood AM, Maltby J, Stewart N, Linley PA & Joseph S (2008) A Social-Cognitive Model of Trait and State Levels of Gratitude, Emotion, 8 (2), pp. 281-290.
Abstract: Three studies tested a new model of gratitude, which specified the generative mechanisms linking individual differences (trait gratitude) and objective situations with the amount of gratitude people experience after receiving aid (state gratitude). In Study 1, all participants (N = 253) read identical vignettes describing a situation in which they received help. People higher in trait gratitude made more positive beneficial appraisals (seeing the help as more valuable, more costly to provide, and more altruistically intended), which fully mediated the relationship between trait and state levels of gratitude. Study 2 (N = 113) replicated the findings using a daily process study in which participants reported on real events each day for up tol4 days. In Study 3, participants (N = 200) read vignettes experimentally manipulating objective situations to be either high or low in benefit. Benefit appraisals were shown to have a causal effect on state gratitude and to mediate the relationship between different prosocial situations and state gratitude. The 3 studies demonstrate the critical role of benefit appraisals in linking state gratitude with trait gratitude and the objective situation.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Socio-Management
University of Leicester
University of Warwick
University of Warwick
University of Nottingham

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Wood_2008_A Social-Cognitive_Model_of_Trait_and_State_Levels_of_Gratitude.pdf130.85 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.