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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Authentic Personality: A Theoretical and Empirical Conceptualization and the Development of the Authenticity Scale
Authors: Wood, Alex M
Linley, P Alex
Maltby, John
Baliousis, Michael
Joseph, Stephen
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Keywords: authenticity
positive psychology
person centered
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Wood AM, Linley PA, Maltby J, Baliousis M & Joseph S (2008) The Authentic Personality: A Theoretical and Empirical Conceptualization and the Development of the Authenticity Scale, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55 (3), pp. 385-399.
Abstract: This article describes the development of a measure of dispositional authenticity and tests whether authenticity is related to well-being, as predicted by several counseling psychology perspectives. Scales were designed to measure a tripartite conception of authenticity, comprising self-alienation, authentic living, and accepting external influence, which was supported with exploratory factor analysis. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showed that the factor loadings were invariant across sample, ethnicity, and gender. The scale showed substantial discriminant validity from the Big Five personality traits, nonsignificant correlations with social desirability, and 2- and 4-week test-retest correlations ranging from r = .78 to .91. Each subscale was strongly related to self-esteem and aspects of both subjective and psychological well-being. This article provides the first direct test of several theoretical models that view authenticity as integral to well-being.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Socio-Management
University of Warwick
University of Leicester
University of Leicester
University of Nottingham

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