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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Conceptualizing gratitude and appreciation as a unitary personality trait
Authors: Wood, Alex M
Maltby, John
Stewart, Neil
Joseph, Stephen
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Keywords: gratitude
multigroup CFA
factor analysis
confirmatory factor analysis
positive psychology
appreciation scale
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: Elsevier for the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences
Citation: Wood AM, Maltby J, Stewart N & Joseph S (2008) Conceptualizing gratitude and appreciation as a unitary personality trait, Personality and Individual Differences, 44 (3), pp. 621-632.
Abstract: Gratitude and appreciation are currently measured using three self-report instruments, the GQ6 (1 scale), the Appreciation Scale (8 scales), and the GRAT (3 scales). Two studies were conducted to test how these three instruments are interrelated, whether they exist under the same higher order factor or factors, and whether gratitude and appreciation is a single or multi-factorial construct. In Study 1 (N = 206) all 12 scales were subjected to an exploratory factor analysis. Both parallel analysis and the minimum average partial method indicated a clear one-factor solution. In Study 2 (N = 389) multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported the one-factor structure, demonstrated the invariance of this structure across gender, and ruled out the confounding effect of socially desirable responding. We conclude gratitude and appreciation are a single-factor personality trait. We suggest integration of gratitude and appreciation literatures and provide a clearer conceptualization of gratitude.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Socio-Management
University of Leicester
University of Warwick
University of Nottingham

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