Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12160
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies
Authors: Wood, Alex M
Maltby, John
Gillett, Raphael
Linley, P Alex
Joseph, Stephen
Contact Email: alex.wood@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: gratitude
positive psychology
social support
stress
depression
structural equation modeling
SEM
well-being
individual differences
personality
longitudinal
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Wood AM, Maltby J, Gillett R, Linley PA & Joseph S (2008) The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies, Journal of Research in Personality, 42 (4), pp. 854-871.
Abstract: In two longitudinal studies, the authors examined the direction of the relationships between trait gratitude, perceived social support, stress, and depression during a life transition. Both studies used a full cross-lagged panel design, with participants completing all measures at the start and end of their first semester at college. Structural equation modeling was used to compare models of direct, reverse, and reciprocal models of directionality. Both studies supported a direct model whereby gratitude led to higher levels of perceived social support, and lower levels of stress and depression. In contrast, no variable led to gratitude, and most models of mediation were discounted. Study 2 additionally showed that gratitude leads to the other variables independently of the Big Five factors of personality. Overall gratitude seems to directly foster social support, and to protect people from stress and depression, which has implications for clinical interventions.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12160
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Socio-Management
University of Leicester
University of Leicester
University of Warwick
University of Nottingham

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