Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12143
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Attrition from self-directed interventions: Investigating the relationship between psychological predictors, intervention content and dropout from a body dissatisfaction intervention
Authors: Geraghty, Adam W A
Wood, Alex M
Hyland, Michael E
Contact Email: alex.wood@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: UK
Attrition
Locus of control
Expectancy
Gratitude
Positive psychology
Intervention
Body dissatisfaction
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Geraghty AWA, Wood AM & Hyland ME (2010) Attrition from self-directed interventions: Investigating the relationship between psychological predictors, intervention content and dropout from a body dissatisfaction intervention, Social Science and Medicine, 71 (1), pp. 30-37.
Abstract: The aims of this study were to (a) identify the predictors of attrition from a fully self-directed intervention, and (b) to test whether an intervention to increase gratitude is an effective way to reduce body dissatisfaction. Participants (N = 479, from the United Kingdom) aged 18-76 years took part in a self-help study via the Internet and were randomized to receive one of two interventions, gratitude diaries (n = 130), or thought monitoring and restructuring (n = 118) or a waitlist control (n = 231) for a two week body dissatisfaction intervention. The gratitude intervention (n = 40) was as effective as monitoring and restructuring (n = 22) in reducing body dissatisfaction, and both interventions were significantly more effective than the control condition (n = 120). Participants in the gratitude group were more than twice as likely to complete the intervention compared to those in the monitoring and restructuring group. Intervention content, baseline expectancy and internal locus of control significantly predicted attrition. This study shows that a gratitude intervention can be as effective as a technique commonly used in cognitive therapy and is superior in retaining participants. Prediction of attrition is possible from both intervention content and psychological variables.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12143
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.007
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Southampton
Socio-Management
University of Plymouth

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