Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12128
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Role of Defeat and Entrapment in Depression, Anxiety, and Suicide
Authors: Taylor, Peter J
Gooding, Patricia A
Wood, Alex M
Tarrier, Nicholas
Contact Email: alex.wood@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: defeat
entrapment
anxiety
depression
suicide
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Taylor PJ, Gooding PA, Wood AM & Tarrier N (2011) The Role of Defeat and Entrapment in Depression, Anxiety, and Suicide, Psychological Bulletin, 137 (3), pp. 391-420.
Abstract: Defeat and entrapment are psychological constructs that have played a central role in evolutionary accounts of depression. These concepts have since been implicated in theoretical accounts of anxiety disorders and suicidality. The current article reports on a systematic review of the existing research investigating the links among defeat, entrapment, and psychopathology in the domains of depression, suicidality, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other anxiety syndromes. Fifty-one original research articles were identified and critically reviewed. There was strong convergent evidence for a link with depressive symptoms, across a variety of clinical and nonclinical samples. Preliminary support for an association with suicidality was also observed, with effects not readily explainable in terms of comorbid depression. There was strong evidence for an association between defeat and PTSD, although this may have been partly accounted for by comorbid depression. The findings for other anxiety disorders were less consistent. There was, however, evidence that social anxiety in individuals with psychosis may be related to perceptions of entrapment. Overall, there was evidence that perceptions of defeat and entrapment were closely associated with various forms of human psychopathology. These effects were often in the moderate to large range and superseded the impact of other environmental and psychological stressors on psychopathology. We provide a unified theoretical model of how defeat and entrapment may contribute to these different psychopathological conditions. Clinical implications and avenues for future research are discussed.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/12128
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0022935
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Manchester
University of Manchester
Socio-Management
University of Manchester

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