Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11908
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Title: Early Medieval Epizootics and Landscapes of Disease: The Origins and Triggers of European Livestock Pestilences, 400-1000 CE
Authors: Newfield, Timothy
Contact Email: t.p.newfield@stir.ac.uk
Editors: Kleingartner, S
Newfield, TP
Rossignol, S
Wehner, D
Citation: Newfield T (2013) Early Medieval Epizootics and Landscapes of Disease: The Origins and Triggers of European Livestock Pestilences, 400-1000 CE. In: Kleingartner S, Newfield TP, Rossignol S, Wehner D (ed.). Landscapes and Societies in Medieval Europe East of the Elbe: Interactions Between Environmental Settings and Cultural Transformations. Papers in Medieval Studies, 23, Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, pp. 73-113.
Keywords: Livestock Disease
Rinderpest
Early Medieval
Europe.
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies
Series/Report no.: Papers in Medieval Studies, 23
Abstract: This paper presents the first sustained discussion of early medieval European livestock disease. It surveys the evidence for epizootics and attempts to understand the origins and triggers of major plagues, all of which affected cattle. 'Origins' refers to the geographical source of a pathogen and 'triggers' the factors that allowed the pathogen to irrupt into a previously little- or non-exposed population, causing an outbreak of disease. The paper argues that major plagues of animals in the early Middle Ages originated east of Europe and often irrupted into, and spread through, Europe in specific contexts, following, or in the midst of, events that facilitated a pathogen’s bridging of European and non-European landscapes of disease. These precipitating events are hard to pin down, however. Possible triggers considered here are migrations of peoples, wars, epidemics and food shortages (and the atmospheric anomalies underlying poor harvests). The paper as well investigates whether phenomena of the Carolingian period – an increase in the occurrence of food shortages, the growth of settlements, and the evolution of trade networks in Northern Europe – may account for the notable increase in epizootics a this increase owes partially or wholly to the higher rates of source composition and survival characteristic of Carolingian Europe.
Rights: The publisher has not responded to our queries therefore this work cannot be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Type: Part of book or chapter of book
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11908
URL: http://www.pims.ca/publications/newtitles.html
Affiliation: History

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