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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Conference Papers and Proceedings
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Authors: Tipping, Richard
Ashmore, Patrick
Davies, Althea
Haggart, B Andrew
Moir, Andrew
Newton, Anthony
Sands, Robert
Skinner, Theo
Tisdall, Eileen
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Title: Peat, pine stumps and people: interactions behind climate, vegetation change and human activity in wetland archaeology at Loch Farlary, northern Scotland
Editors: Barber, John
Clark, Ciara
Cressey, Mike
Crone, Anne
Hale, Alex
Henderson, Jon
Housley, Rupert
Sands, Rob
Sheridan, Alison
Scottish, Wetland Archaeology Project (SWAP)
Citation: Tipping R, Ashmore P, Davies A, Haggart BA, Moir A, Newton A, Sands R, Skinner T & Tisdall E (2007) Peat, pine stumps and people: interactions behind climate, vegetation change and human activity in wetland archaeology at Loch Farlary, northern Scotland, Barber John, Clark Ciara, Cressey Mike, Crone Anne, Hale Alex, Henderson Jon, Housley Rupert, Sands Rob, Sheridan Alison, Scottish Wetland Archaeology Project (SWAP) (ed.) Archaeology from the Wetlands: Recent Perspectives: Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference, Edinburgh 2005, 11th Annual WARP conference, Edinburgh, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 157-164.
Issue Date: May-2007
Series/Report no.: WARP Occasional Papers,
Conference Name: 11th Annual WARP conference
Conference Location: Edinburgh
Abstract: First paragraph: In 1993, a peat-cutter, Bruce Field, working on the blanket peat bank he rented from the Sutherland Estate by Loch Farlary, above Golspie in Sutherland (fig 1), reported to Scottish Natural Heritage and Historic Scotland several pieces of pine wood bearing axe marks. Their depth in the peat suggested the cut marks to be prehistoric. This paper summarizes the work undertaken to understand the age and archaeological significance of this find (see also Tipping et al 2001 in press). The pine trees were initially thought to be part of a population that flourished briefly across northern Scotland in the middle of the Holocene period from c 4800 cal BP (Huntley, Daniell & Allen 1997). The subsequent collapse across northernmost Scotland of this population, the pine decline, at around 4200-4000 cal BP is unexplained: climate change has been widely assumed (Dubois & Ferguson 1985; Bridge, Haggart & Lowe 1990; Gear & Huntley 1991) but anthropogenic activity has not been disproved (Birks 1975; Bennett 1995). It was hypothesized that the Farlary find would allow for the first time the direct link between human woodland clearance and the Early Bronze Age pine decline.
Type: Conference Paper
Status: Publisher version
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
Historic Scotland
University of Stirling
University of Greenwich
Brunel University
University of Edinburgh
University College Dublin (UCD)
National Museums Scotland
Biological and Environmental Sciences

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