|Appears in Collections:||Economics Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Sustainability in Danger? Slash-and-Burn Cultivation in Nineteenth-Century Finland and Twentieth-Century Southeast Asia|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press for the American Society for Environmental History and the Forest History Society|
|Citation:||Myllyntaus T, Hares M & Kunnas J (2002) Sustainability in Danger? Slash-and-Burn Cultivation in Nineteenth-Century Finland and Twentieth-Century Southeast Asia, Environmental History, 7 (2), pp. 267-302.|
|Abstract:||First paragraph: Deforestation is one of the major environmental problems of our time. In today's tropics, as was the case in Finland some 150 years ago, it is common for official policy to regard slash-and-burn agriculture as a waste of land and timber, and a major reason for forest destruction. The issue is not, however, that straightforward. Slash-and-burn cultivation -- also called shifting cultivation or swiddening -- has been practiced all over the forested parts of the world at some stage of history. It has been applied in very different geographical, social and cultural settings, and this agricultural practice has not always led to an environmental impasse. In fact, many researchers today agree that shifting cultivation can be a sustainable farming system when well applied in favorable conditions. However, there is currently intense debate about whether shifting cultivators are to be blamed for loss of forest cover, or whether in contrast they are important agents in conservation and the sustainable management of tropical forests. The different definitions used for farming systems utilizing the slash-and-burn method further confuse this discussion. Not all burning of forests is slash-and-burn cultivation, and swiddening can vary widely.|
|Rights:||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Affiliation:||University of Turku|
University of Helsinki
|Kunnas_2002_Sustainability_in_Danger.pdf||150.47 kB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 31/12/2999 Request a copy|
Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.
This item is protected by original copyright
Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact email@example.com providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.