Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11512
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The effectiveness of NHS smoking cessation services: A systematic review
Authors: Bauld, Linda
Bell, Kirsten
McCullough, Lucy
Richardson, Lindsay
Greaves, Lorraine
Contact Email: linda.bauld@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Deprivation
Gender
NHS stop smoking services
Smoking cessation
Smoking treatment
Systematic review
Issue Date: Mar-2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Bauld L, Bell K, McCullough L, Richardson L & Greaves L (2010) The effectiveness of NHS smoking cessation services: A systematic review, Journal of Public Health, 32 (1), pp. 71-82.
Abstract: Objectives: To analyse evidence on the effectiveness of intensive NHS treatments for smoking cessation in helping smokers to quit. Methods: A systematic review of studies published between 1990 and 2007. Electronic databases were searched for published studies. Unpublished reports were identified from the national research register and experts. Results: Twenty studies were included. They suggest that intensive NHS treatments for smoking cessation are effective in helping smokers to quit. The national evaluation found 4-week carbon monoxide monitoring validated quit rates of 53%, falling to 15% at 1 year. There is some evidence that group treatment may be more effective than one-to-one treatment, and the impact of ‘buddy support' varies based on treatment type. Evidence on the effectiveness of in-patient interventions is currently very limited. Younger smokers, females, pregnant smokers and more deprived smokers appear to have lower short-term quit rates than other groups. Conclusion: Further research is needed to determine the most effective models of NHS treatment for smoking cessation and the efficacy of those models with subgroups. Factors such as gender, age, socio-economic status and ethnicity appear to influence outcomes, but a current lack of diversity-specific analysis of results makes it impossible to ascertain the differential impact of intervention types on particular subpopulations.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11512
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdp074
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Institute for Social Marketing
British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health
British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health
British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health
British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health

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