|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||England's legislation on smoking in indoor public places and work-places: impact on the most exposed children|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell for the University of Bath|
|Citation:||Sims M, Bauld L & Gilmore A (2012) England's legislation on smoking in indoor public places and work-places: impact on the most exposed children, Addiction, 107 (11), pp. 2009-2016.|
|Abstract:||Aims: To examine whether English legislation to make virtually all indoor public places and work-places smoke-free on 1 July 2007 displaced smoking into the home and hence increased the proportion of children exposed to levels of second-hand smoke known to be detrimental to health. Design: Repeated cross-sectional study with data from 10 annual surveys undertaken from 1996 to 2008. Setting: England. Participants: Nationally representative samples of non-smoking children aged 4-15 years old living in private households. Measurements: Salivary cotinine, parental smoking status, whether smoking is allowed within the house, socio-demographic variables. Findings: The proportion of children exposed to damaging levels of second-hand smoke (defined as those with cotinine levels greater than 1.7 ng/ml) has fallen over time, from 23.5% in 1996 to 12.6% in 2008. The legislation was not associated with further changes in the proportion of children above this threshold -- the odds of having cotinine greater than 1.7 ng/ml did not change after adjustment for the pre-legislative trend and confounders (odds ratio: 1.0, 95% confidence interval: 0.78, 1.4). Non-significant associations were also found when examining children by parental or household smoking status. Conclusions: Legislation to prohibit smoking in indoor public places and work-places does not increase the proportion of children exposed to damaging levels of second-hand smoke. Even in a country with a strong tobacco control climate, a significant proportion of children remain highly exposed to second-hand smoke and future policies need to include interventions to reduce exposure among these children.|
|Rights:||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Affiliation:||University of Bath|
Institute for Social Marketing
University of Bath
|Englands Legislation on smoking in indoor public places.pdf||153.76 kB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 31/12/2999 Request a copy|
Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.
This item is protected by original copyright
Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.