Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11480
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study
Authors: Daly, Michael
Baumeister, Roy
Delaney, Liam
MacLachlan, Malcolm
Contact Email: michael.daly@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Personality
Self-control
Cortisol
Heart rate
Heart rate variability
Affect variability
Day Reconstruction Method
Issue Date: Feb-2014
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Daly M, Baumeister R, Delaney L & MacLachlan M (2014) Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (1), pp. 81-93.
Abstract: This study aimed to ascertain whether selfcontrol predicts heart rate, heart rate variability, and the cortisol slope, and to determine whether health behaviors and affect patterns mediate these relationships. A sample of 198 adults completed the Self-Control Scale (Tangney in J Pers 72:271-322, 2004), and reported their exercise levels, and cigarette and alcohol use. Participants provided a complete account of their emotional experiences over a full day, along with morning and evening salivary cortisol samples and a continuous measure of cardiovascular activity on the same day. High trait self-control predicted low resting heart rate, high heart rate variability, and a steep cortisol slope. Those with high self-control displayed stable emotional patterns which explained the link between self-control and the cortisol slope. The self-controlled smoked less and this explained their low heart rates. The capacity to sustain stable patterns of affect across diverse contexts may be an important pathway through which self-control relates to psychophysiological functioning and potentially health.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11480
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10865-012-9470-9
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Socio-Management
Florida State University
Economics
Trinity College, Dublin

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