|Appears in Collections:||Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study|
Heart rate variability
Day Reconstruction Method
|Citation:||Daly M, Baumeister R, Delaney L & MacLachlan M (2014) Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (1), pp. 81-93.|
|Abstract:||This study aimed to ascertain whether selfcontrol predicts heart rate, heart rate variability, and the cortisol slope, and to determine whether health behaviors and affect patterns mediate these relationships. A sample of 198 adults completed the Self-Control Scale (Tangney in J Pers 72:271-322, 2004), and reported their exercise levels, and cigarette and alcohol use. Participants provided a complete account of their emotional experiences over a full day, along with morning and evening salivary cortisol samples and a continuous measure of cardiovascular activity on the same day. High trait self-control predicted low resting heart rate, high heart rate variability, and a steep cortisol slope. Those with high self-control displayed stable emotional patterns which explained the link between self-control and the cortisol slope. The self-controlled smoked less and this explained their low heart rates. The capacity to sustain stable patterns of affect across diverse contexts may be an important pathway through which self-control relates to psychophysiological functioning and potentially health.|
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Florida State University
Trinity College, Dublin
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