Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10999
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Do risk-minimizing beliefs about smoking inhibit quitting? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey
Authors: Borland, Ron
Yong, Hua-Hie
Balmford, James
Fong, Geoffrey T
Zanna, Mark P
Hastings, Gerard
Contact Email: gerard.hastings@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Self-exempting beliefs
Risk-minimizing
Intention to quit
Quit attempts
Prospective prediction
Smoking cessation
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Borland R, Yong H, Balmford J, Fong GT, Zanna MP & Hastings G (2009) Do risk-minimizing beliefs about smoking inhibit quitting? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey, Preventive Medicine, 49 (2-3), pp. 219-223.
Abstract: Objective: To replicate findings that risk-minimizing and self-exempting beliefs lower quit intentions, and to extend this by testing their capacity to prospectively predict smoking cessation. Method: 13,324 adult (≥ 18 years) cigarette smokers from the USA, Canada, UK, and Australia from one of the first three waves (2002-2004) of the International Tobacco Control 4-Country survey were employed for the predictive analysis where beliefs measured in one wave (1-3) of a cohort were used to predict cessation outcomes in the next wave (2-4). Results: Both types of belief were negatively associated with both intention to quit in the same wave and making a quit attempt at the next wave. When taken together and controlling for demographic factors, the risk-minimizing beliefs continued to be predictive, but the self-exempting belief was not. Some of the effects of risk-minimizing beliefs on quit attempts seem to be independent of intentions, but not consistently independent of other known predictors. There were no consistent predictive effects on sustained cessation among those who made attempts to quit for either measure. Conclusions: Countering risk-minimizing beliefs may facilitate increased quitting, but this may not be so important for self-exempting beliefs.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10999
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.06.015
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Cancer Council Victoria
Cancer Council Victoria
Cancer Council Victoria
University of Waterloo
University of Waterloo
Institute for Social Marketing

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