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Title: Ecological validity in the study of human pheromones
Authors: Saxton, Tamsin K
Little, Anthony
Roberts, S Craig
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Editors: Hurst, JL
Beynon, RJ
Roberts, SC
Wyatt, TD
Citation: Saxton TK, Little A & Roberts SC (2008) Ecological validity in the study of human pheromones. In: Hurst JL, Beynon RJ, Roberts SC, Wyatt TD (ed.). Chemical Signals In Vertebrates 11, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 111-120.
Keywords: pheromones
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Several constituents of human axillary secretions have been proposed as candidate human pheromones, but their influence on human behaviour remains controversial. Here we briefly review the literature on the behavioural effects of candidate compounds, noting that inconsistencies in findings could be due in part to the variation in experimental context and potential lack of ecological validity. We also report results of a pilot study which attempts to overcome these limitations in an ecologically-valid experimental paradigm: a speed-dating event. We tested the effects of 4,16-androstadien-3-one within a single speed-dating evening with 25 female and 22 male participants. We found a significant effect of androstadienone on female judgments of male attractiveness, which is consistent with the proposal that androstadienone could act as a modulatory pheromone in humans.
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Type: Part of book or chapter of book
Affiliation: University of Liverpool

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