Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10475
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England
Authors: Williams, Chris F
Moravec, Frantisek
Turnbull, James
Ferguson, Hugh
Contact Email: j.f.turnbull@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Publisher: University of Cambridge Press
Citation: Williams CF, Moravec F, Turnbull J & Ferguson H (2012) Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England, Journal of Helminthology, 86 (3), pp. 329-338.
Abstract: Pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus (Rudolphi, 1819) are described for the first time from observations of infections in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England. The damage caused by P. sanguineus was influenced strongly by host size, parasite development and the seasonal migrations of female nematodes within host tissues. Male and unfertilized female nematodes located on the swim-bladder wall caused only minor, localized changes. In contrast, the migration of gravid female nematodes into the fins during autumn provoked an acute inflammatory response comprising neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes. This was accompanied by fin distortion, swelling of the dorsal and caudal tissues, degenerative changes and localized oedema. The encapsulation of female nematodes in connective tissue throughout winter limited additional tissue damage. The emergence of gravid nematodes from the fins in spring to facilitate larval dispersal caused necrosis, hyperplasia and loss of skin integrity. This activity was again accompanied by acute inflammatory reactions. Pathological changes were more severe in crucian carp measuring less than 60 mm in length, with no signs of debilitation in larger fish. These observations suggest that any impact of P. sanguineus is strictly seasonal and may be limited to fry. Lesions caused by this parasite, only recently recorded in Britain, may represent an additional pressure upon wild crucian carp populations already threatened by hybridization, competition and habitat loss.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10475
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X11000356
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Journal of Helminthology, Volume 86, Issue 03, September 2012, pp 329-338 Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012. The original publication is available at DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X11000356
Affiliation: Environment Agency
Czech Academy of Sciences
Aquaculture
Aquaculture

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
WilliamsEtal_JofH_2012.pdf463.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.